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Foto på Isabel Bramsen.

Isabel Bramsen

Biträdande universitetslektor

Foto på Isabel Bramsen.

How violence happens (or not)

Författare

  • Isabel Bramsen

Summary, in English

Objective: Recent studies show that violence is difficult to accomplish and only occurs under particular situational circumstances—but does this also apply to protests in authoritarian regimes? This article investigates the microdynamics of violence during the antiregime protests in Tunisia, Syria, and Bahrain. Method: The argument is based on visual data analysis of video footage of violent and nonviolent interactions from the uprisings in Bahrain, Tunisia, and Syria, as well as human rights reports, interviews with participants of demonstrations, and observation of a demonstration. Results: The article shows how violence by the state and protesters occurred when the perpetrator attacked from afar/above, from behind, at night, or from a vehicle, or attacked the outnumbered. In a few situations, violence was avoided when protesters confronted the security forces face to face. Conclusions: The article supports Randall Collins’s argument (2008) that situational conditions allowing the perpetrator to overcome barriers of tension and fear are necessary for violence to occur, even in authoritarian regimes. However, situational dynamics can explain how but not why violence occurs, and Collins’s guidelines for activists of how to avoid police violence are no panacea in authoritarian regimes.

Publiceringsår

2018-01-01

Språk

Engelska

Sidor

305-315

Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie

Psychology of Violence

Volym

8

Issue

3

Dokumenttyp

Artikel i tidskrift

Förlag

American Psychological Association (APA)

Ämne

  • Political Science

Status

Published

ISBN/ISSN/Övrigt

  • ISSN: 2152-0828