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Agustin Goenaga

Agustín Goenaga

Forskare

Agustin Goenaga

Military Rivalries, Alliances and Taxation : The International Origins of Modern Fiscal Contracts

Författare

  • Augustín Goenaga
  • Alexander von Hagen-Jamar

Summary, in English

Bellicist theories of comparative development predict increases in taxation as the result of military rivalries. Others claim that this causal relationship is contingent on particular geographical, institutional, and historical conditions. In this paper, we explore the conditional effects of military rivalries on taxation during the 19th and 20th centuries using time-series cross-section models. We hypothesize that international norms of territoriality, inter-state military alliances, and regime type will condition the direction and magnitude of the effect of rivalries on taxation. Our models suggest that from 1815 to 1945 the effects of rivalry on taxation were insignificant independently of these systemic, dyadic, and institutional factors. However, after 1945 when norms of territorial integrity consolidated, democracies with strong military allies responded to military pressures by lowering taxes in the short-term, reoriented public expenditures towards social spending, and ultimately increased taxes in the long run through a reconfiguration of the fiscal contract. Conversely, autocracies with strong allies responded to military pressures by increasing taxes in the short-term, capturing as much wealth as possible but failing to consolidate durable fiscal institutions.

Avdelning/ar

  • Statsvetenskapliga institutionen

Publiceringsår

2016-09

Språk

Engelska

Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie

STANCE Working Papers Series

Volym

2016

Issue

11

Dokumenttyp

Working paper

Ämne

  • Political Science

Nyckelord

  • Military Rivalries
  • Alliances
  • Taxation
  • Fiscal Contracts

Status

Published

Projekt

  • State-Making and the Origins of Global Order in the Long Nineteenth Century and Beyond