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Gendering Diplomacy and Foreign Policy

Explaining the diffusion of pro-gender equality norms in diplomacy and foreign policy

The project is funded by the Swedish Foundation for Humanities and Social Sciences and Torsten and Ragnar Söderbergs Foundations.

This project explains the rise and diffusion of pro-gender equality norms in diplomacy and foreign policy. Gender mainstreaming has become a salient issue in contemporary global politics since the adoption of UN Security Council resolution 1325 in 2000. For a growing number of states, the “Women, Peace, Security" (WPS) agenda has become a key pillar of their foreign policies. For examples, Sweden has as the first country in the world adopted a feminist foreign policy. At the same time, there is an opposite global trend where populist leaders increasingly resist and contest gender equality in global politics.


  1. Karin Aggestam and Jacqui True, 2020 (forthcoming), Political Leadership and Gendered Multilevel Games in Foreign Policy. International Affairs. 
  2. Karin Aggestam and Jacqui True, 2020, Gendering Foreign Policy: A Comparative Framework for Analysis Foreign Policy Analysis. Vol 16, No. 2 [Open Access]
  3. Karin Aggestam and Jacqui True, guest editors, 2020, Special Issue: Gender and Foreign Policy, Foreign Policy AnalysisVol 16, No. 2.
  4. Karin Aggestam and  Annika Bergman Rosamond, 2019, Feminist Foreign Policy 3.0. Advancing Ethics and Gender Equality in Global Politics . SAIS Review of International Affairs. Vol 39, No.1: 37-48.
  5. Karin Aggestam & Ann Towns, 2019, The Gender Turn in Diplomacy: A New Research Agenda, International Feminist Journal of Politics  [Open Access], Vol 21, No. 1: 9-28.
  6. Karin Aggestam, 2019, WPS, peace agreements and negotiations, Oxford University Press Handbook on Women, Peace, Security, edited by Sara Davies and Jacqui True.
  7. Karin Aggestam, Annika Bergman Rosamond, Annica Kronsell, 2019, Theorising Feminist Foreign Policy, Journal of International Relations [Open Access]
  8. Karin Aggestam and  Annika Bergman Rosamond, 2019, Re-politicising the Gender-Security Nexus. Sweden's Feminist Foreign Policy. European Review of International Studies [Open Access]. Special Issue: "The Politicisation of Security". Volume 5, Issue 3: 30-48.
  9. Karin Aggestam and Ann Towns, eds., 2017, Gendering diplomacy and international negotiation. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
  10. Karin Aggestam and Isak Svensson 2017. Where are the women in peace mediation? in Gendering diplomacy and international negotiation, Karin Aggestam & Ann Towns. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
  11. Karin Aggestam and Ann Towns 2017, Diplomacy - a gendered institution in Diplomacy in a Globalising World, Pauline Kerr and George Wiseman, eds., Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  12. Karin Aggestam and Annika Bergman-Rosamond, 2016. Swedish feminist foreign policy in the making: Ethics, politics and gender. Ethics and International Affairs, Vol. 30, Issue 3, Fall. [Editors' pick for the 30th Anniversary Issue Selection]
  13. Karin Aggestam, 2016. Diplomatic mediation (2016). The SAGE Handbook of Diplomacy, Costas Constantinou, Pauline Kerr, Paul Sharp, eds.
  14. Karin Aggestam, 2016. Genus, medling och fredsdiplomati  i Jenny Björkman, red. RJ:s årsbok 2016. Stockholm: Makadam förlag.
  15. Karin Aggestam. 2015. Kvinnliga medlare och hållbara fredsprocesser. Mänsklig säkerhet.


Research Team

Karin Aggestam, Professor

karin [dot] aggestam [at] svet [dot] lu [dot] se

Annika Bergman-Rosamond, Associate Professor

annika [dot] bergman_rosamond [at] svet [dot] lu [dot] se

External researchers

Daniel Naurin,professor, Department of Political Science, Gothenburg University, daniel [dot] naurin [at] gu [dot] se

Ann Towns, professor, Department of Political Science, Gothenburg University, ann [dot] towns [at] gu [dot] se

Jacqui True, professor, GPS Centre, School of Social Sciences, Monash University, Australia, jacqui [dot] true [at] monash [dot] edu