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Gender, Diplomacy and International Negotiation

What is the impact of gender on diplomacy and international negotiation?
The project is funded by the Swedish Foundation for Humanities and Social Sciences.

In 2000, the United Nations adopted Security Council resolution 1325, which underlines the important role of women in negotiations and peace-building.

Although women are still underrepresented as negotiators and mediators in the international arena, a gradual increase has occurred in the last decades.

Our aim is to investigate this trend, and to study the significance of gender for the processes and outcomes of international negotiations.

In recent years, the research on gender in international relations has made significant progress. Still, very few studies apply gender theory to the principal mode of collective decision-making at the international level - negotiations.


Page Manager:

Researchers on the project

Karin Aggestam, project leader

External researcher

Daniel Naurin, Gothenburg University

Ann Towns, Gothenburg University


  1. Karin Aggestam and Ann Towns, eds., 2017, Gendering diplomacy and international negotiation. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
  2. Karin Aggestam and Isak Svensson 2017. Where are the women in peace mediation? in Gendering diplomacy and international negotiation, Karin Aggestam & Ann Towns. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
  3. Karin Aggestam and Ann Towns 2017, Diplomacy - a gendered institution in Diplomacy in a Globalising World, Pauline Kerr and George Wiseman, eds., Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  4. Karin Aggestam and Annika Bergman-Rosamond, 2016. Swedish feminist foreign policy in the making: Ethics, politics and gender. Ethics and International Affairs, Vol. 30, Issue 3, Fall. [Editors' pick for the 30th Anniversary Issue Selection]
  5. Karin Aggestam, 2016. Diplomatic  mediation (2016). The SAGE Handbook of Diplomacy, Costas Constantinou, Pauline Kerr, Paul Sharp, eds.
  6. Karin Aggestam, 2016. Genus, medling och fredsdiplomati, i Jenny Björkman, red. RJ:s årsbok 2016. Stockholm: Makadam förlag.
  7. Karin Aggestam. 2015. Kvinnliga medlare och hållbara fredsprocesser. Mänsklig säkerhet.
  8. Karin Aggestam. 2015. Peace mediation and the minefield of international recognition games  International Negotiation. 20(3): 494-514.

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Lund University
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Faculty of Social Sciences