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Ian Manners, photo.

Ian Manners


Ian Manners, photo.

The European Union in Global Politics : Normative Power and Longitudinal Interpretation


  • Ian Manners


  • Kennet Lynggaard
  • Ian Manners
  • Karl Löfgren

Summary, in English

How does the presence of an international institution, the EU, shape the norms and normality, policies and polities of its political environment? This research theme raises questions about both the influence and subjects of the EU — ontologically, epistemologically and methodologically. In terms of influence, the question is how does the EU shape its political environment — what is the form of power or influence that the EU exercises? In terms of subjects, the question is who does the EU shape in its political environment — member-states and their societies; non-member-states and their societies; or non-states and transnational civil societies?

Researching the EU’s influence on its political environment presents a
number of analytical challenges. First, the EU is a hybrid polity reflecting
the contrasting demands of national, supranational and transnational actors
and processes. Second, the EU is not just one actor and must be disaggregated
into competing institutions, councils, directorates, states and parties.
Third, the EU is not the only actor in the European and global political
environments – it competes with a multitude of other global, regional, state
and transnational actors. Finally, the EU is itself constituted through its
actions and the structures it contributes to – it is neither pre-political nor

Publishing year







Research Methods in European Union Studies

Document type

Book chapter


Palgrave Macmillan


  • Political Science


  • European Union
  • European integration
  • research methods
  • global politics
  • Normative Power
  • longitudinal interpretation




  • ISBN: 978-1-137-31696-7
  • ISBN: 978-0-230-36305-2