Governance for REDD+, forest management and biodiversity: existing approaches and future options
- John A. Parrotta
- Christoph Wildburger
- Stephanie Mansourian
- Department of Political Science
Intergovernmental processes, which represent the primary articulation of governmental authority at the global level, have generated few binding commitments to the sustainable management of forests or biodiversity due to conflicting country interests. These efforts instead have favoured normative guidance, monitoring and reporting, and legality verification initiatives that reinforce sovereign authority. Bilateral and multi-lateral finance initiatives have exerted ‘fund-based’ authority through the application of operational safeguards protecting indigenous and local communities and biodiversity, but limited funding and low capacity of REDD+ countries to absorb those funds have constrained their influence. Finally, non-state actors have developed voluntary certification schemes for forest and carbon as a ’fast track’ approach to elaborating more substantive international standards for environmentally- and socially-responsible forest practices. While the small size and voluntary nature of markets for forest carbon have greatly constrained the impact of these approaches, this could change if a significant regulatory market for REDD+ develops.
Furthermore, the governance of REDD+, forest management and biodiversity is pluralistic, involving multiple institutions and actors. Efforts to promote REDD+ safeguarding at the international level exist in tension with national sovereignty and local autonomy. This complexity is taken into consideration in the suite of policy options provided in this chapter, which suggest the need to draw on a range of institutions and approaches and to consider how together they influence the balance of power and incentives across actors and scales.
- Political Science
- Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
- Forest governance
- global governance
- climate governance
- Kyoto Protocol
- Ecosystem services
- Payments for ecosystem services
- Payments for environmental services
- Sustainable development
Fariborz is director of the NAVIGOV project. He received the outstanding Ph.D. thesis award of the University of Tübingen and the award for outstanding teaching performance of the German state of Baden-Württemberg.
Ongoing research projects
- Navigating institutional complexity in global climate governance: causes, consequences and responses (NAVIGOV)
- Biodiversity and Ecosystem services in a Changing Climate (BECC)
- Nature of Peace
- Legitimacy in Global Governance
- How Geoengineering Arrived at the Global Agenda