Your browser has javascript turned off or blocked. This will lead to some parts of our website to not work properly or at all. Turn on javascript for best performance.

The browser you are using is not supported by this website. All versions of Internet Explorer are no longer supported, either by us or Microsoft (read more here:

Please use a modern browser to fully experience our website, such as the newest versions of Edge, Chrome, Firefox or Safari etc.

”War, Performance, and the Survival of Foreign Ministers”

New article in "Foreign Policy Analysis" by Hanna Bäck, Jan Teorell, Alexander Von Hagen-Jamar and Alejandro Quiroz Flores.

In this study, Hanna Bäck and Jan Teorell with colleagues engage in the debate about leadership and foreign policy outcomes by focusing on the tenure of foreign ministers. They ask why some foreign ministers stay longer in office than others.

Using a unique data set on over 1,100 foreign ministers in the world’s thirteen great powers from the early modern period to the present, they show that foreign ministers have longer tenure when they have a diplomatic background or when the country experiences an armed conflict resulting in a win or in a compromise agreement. With the publication of the article they also release the dataset on foreign ministers.

Dataset on foreign ministers on

Link to the publication on

Hanna Bäck's personal page

Jan Teorell's personal page