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Ian Manners on Planetary Politics in the Twenty-Second Century

Solarpunk, illustration.

Ian Manners has published a chapter on “Planetary Politics in the Twenty-Second Century” in The Palgrave Handbook of Global Politics in the 22nd Century edited by Laura Horn, Ayşem Mert, and Franziska Müller.


After two centuries of immanent planetary politics, by the twenty-second century the politics had become planetary. This means that since the 2020s political analysis encompasses the entire sphere of the planet and cannot be conducted without a holistic approach. The first section remembers the 100-year planetary organic crisis from ecological overshoot in 1970 to population decline in 2070. The rest of the reminiscence covers three presents since the 2022 quantum inflation event, where three parallel universes were pinched off from the larger expanding multiverse. The first status quo present since 2022 was the return of reactionary power politics and the rebirth of Dieselpunk imaginary. The second capitalist present since 2022 was the continued neoliberal globalisation of politics and the acceleration of Cyberpunk imaginary. The third symbiotic present since 2022 was the birth of eco-social politics and the growth of Solarpunk imaginary. By the date of this recollection of how we arrived at planetary politics in 2122, only one of these three presented a future in any meaningful sense for human beings.


To the online chapter:

To the online book:

Read more on Ian Manners’ personal research page