Migration policy and the welfare state in comparative and historical perspective
The relationship between migration policy and the welfare state is one of the most important political problems of our time. The modern welfare state is almost 150 years old, and migration policies have changed greatly and varied greatly among countries during this time period. We will examine this variation between 1880 and 2010 in countries of Western Europe, North America, and Oceania, and using a mixed-method design. Our research questions are (1) when and where have governments adopted different combinations of migration policies (liberal/restrictive) and social policies (generous/not generous), and (2) which economic and political factors best explain this variation.