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Effects of Urban Peacebuilding in and from Divided cities

linked to the project Divided Cities

The  project is an international collaborative research project funded by Georgia State University (2013) and it is linked to the project Divided Cities: A challenge to peacebuilding and development. It is a project that examines the impact and effect of peacebuilding in Divided Cities using a multi-method approach.

A pilot study based on a survey experiments will focus on uncovering the individual level effects of ethnic entrereneurship on various peacebuilding programs.

We will measure the impact of peacebuilding in both qualitative and quantiative terms. The pilot study will provide data for comparison cross cities that have experienced  peacebuilding and those that have not. Of the ten cities included in the intial study are five without any extensive peacebuilding experience: Ahmedabad and Varanasi (India), Karachi and Lahore (Pakistan), Abidjan (Ivory Coast)  and five that have peacebuilding experience: Belfast (UK), Sarajevo (BiH), Kigali (Rwanda), Jerusalem (Israel).

These ten cities again provide variation in region, ethnic cleavage, size, level of violence, and presence of international and national peacebuilding and reconciliation programmes. The Mturk survey will be divided into multiple stages or sections, it will include random respondents and a ”split logic” function which will allow different strands of questions to be randomly assigned to different respondents.

The objective of the experiments is threefold: The main focus of the survey is to detmine varying levels of support across cities, and within countries (urban-non-urban). The experimental portion of the survey will provide evidence for the role of ”ethnic entrepreneurs” in promoting adherence to or rejction of international and/or domestic peacekeeping programs. In the five cities that have had interniatonal peacebuilding efforts, we will add a second treatment effect to test responses to that international peacebuilding policy or program. Lastely, we will also account for variation of ethnic entrepreneru impacts and of international peacebuilding in urban policy.