The browser you are using is not supported by this website. All versions of Internet Explorer are no longer supported, either by us or Microsoft (read more here: https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/microsoft-365/windows/end-of-ie-support).

Please use a modern browser to fully experience our website, such as the newest versions of Edge, Chrome, Firefox or Safari etc.

NilsDroste

Nils Droste

Principal Investigator | Associate Senior Lecturer

NilsDroste

Livelihoods matter – A comparative political ecology of forest use on Hispaniola

Author

  • Milla Marzelius
  • Nils Droste

Summary, in English

Forests provide grounds for human well-being through direct material, indirect environmental, and immaterial contributions. Here, we analyze the example of Hispaniola to understand reasons for (un)sustainable forest use. We pursue a dynamic comparative case study of the island's two countries from a political ecology perspective. From the literature, we derive a set of socio-economic hypotheses for the cause of de- and reforestation. Methodologically, we combine historical analysis and longitudinal comparisons with institutional analysis. We find that it was a governance mix of economic incentives, civil society driven initiatives, and alternative sources of energy that made the difference between reforestation in the Dominican Republic and deforestation in Haiti. We do not find evidence that it was population density or education levels that caused the difference. Colonial history can explain older differences but not divergent trends that started in the 1980s. Our findings suggest that if people shall stop overusing forests, they need alternative opportunities to maintain their livelihood and show how this has been accomplished in the Dominican Republic.

Department/s

  • Department of Political Science

Publishing year

2022-08

Language

English

Publication/Series

Forest Policy and Economics

Volume

141

Document type

Journal article

Publisher

Elsevier

Topic

  • Political Science
  • Human Geography

Keywords

  • Dynamic comparative case-study
  • Political ecology
  • Sustainable land use

Status

Published

ISBN/ISSN/Other

  • ISSN: 1389-9341